Economic resources shrink rapidly in times of crisis. The time of enormous infrastructures is over. Fortunately, we are starting to realise that those large infrastructures do not have a direct effect on most of the population’s wellbeing.
In urban settings, where population density is at its highest, more modest interventions aimed at fostering non-motor driven transport such as cycling, can be much more efficient, especially if we compare the cost of the infrastructures with the mobility and accessibility they provide.

These investments, however, are incredibly cheap and the outcome is often spectacular. In this respect, infrastructure investments to foster cycling are an example of how creativity can improve our daily lives and enable citizens to make a more direct contribution to the daily management of a shared urban space.

Plenary Speakers


Pilar Vega

She is a geographer, with three-year university diplomas in Land Use Planning and Zoning and Land Transport.

Eva Willumsen

Master in economics and mathematics from the University of Copenhagen.

In her 25 years as a professional, she has worked for several consultant firms specialising in environment, land ordinance, town planning and applied economics, especially in relation to issues related to transport. Since 1995 she has been a founder member of Grupo de Estudios y Alternativas, gea21, where she now works.

Her main fields are land and environmental planning, specialising in transport; she has focused on demand management, sustainable mobility and accessibility for people with disabilities. She was involved in the first comparative assessment studies related to modes of transport in Spain in the 1990s for the Ministry of Development.

In all these projects, she has applied accounting valuation methods from an ecological economy perspective, helping to clarify the environmental impact of different means of transport. She has published numerous books and papers, and is also engaged in teaching activities.

Her professional experience covers a broad range of consultancy projects within the transport and environmental sectors.

Ms Willumsen's key areas of expertise lie within cost-benefit analysis, economic modelling, transport and environmental economics, benchmarking and valuation of externalities.

Ms Willumsen has developed the first Danish methodological foundation for assessing the economic costs and benefit of bicycle projects. A work that was undertaken for the City of Copenhagen in order to clearly determine what the economic effects of investments in bicycle transport are.